The sleep disorder known as sleep apnea affects a lot of people, affecting roughly 20 million Americans. An individual suffering from sleep apnea may stop breathing periodically during sleep. There are many causes of these cessations of breathing. These can occur as many as hundreds of times each night.
Whenever a person stops breathing in the middle of sleep, they are partially awakened from the sleep state as their brain is forced to begin living again, forcing them out of the more profound stage of sleep. Sleep quality may decrease when this occurs multiple times an hour, and many medical problems may occur.
Some people only think of obstructive sleep apnea, the most prevalent form; however, apneas involving other parts of the throat are also quite common. This article attempts to shed light on the signs, symptoms, causes, and sleep apnea treatments, whether obstructive, central, or mixed.
What is Sleep Apnea?
The most common apnea, which causes breathing pauses, can be extremely dangerous. Over 70 million people worldwide suffer from it. When a person has sleep apnea, their breath may cease for several minutes of sleep. The symptom of sleeping problems is often snoring. Sleep apnea can affect both elders and children. People over the age of 40 who are overweight are more prone to being overweight.
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Three Types of Sleep Apnea:
Here we discussed three types of sleep apnea such as obstructive, central, and complex sleep apnea. Let’s have a look!
Sleep apnea is most commonly associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea, so if you hear someone say they have sleep apnea, they are probably talking about that form. During sleep, the soft palate’s tissues and the tissues around the throat contract and relax, resulting in sleep apnea. Relaxed muscles can obstruct airflow, thereby preventing the lungs from receiving fresh air. Usually, the blood oxygen content will be low in this situation, making a person wake up gasping for air. Sleeping without a good night’s sleep is caused by this process which repeats itself throughout the night.
Symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea include:
- Weakness during the daytime
- Bored While Falling Asleep
- Loud snoring that can hear from another room
It is a less frequent form of sleep apnea when compared to OSA. A medical concern that affects the brain makes it more likely to develop. As a result of CSA, the brain does not send any breathing signals, so the individual does not take a breath.
In contrast to OSA, individuals with CSA do not experience a blocked airway but instead restrict airflow by not correctly signal the muscles that control breathing function.
People with OSA do not have to have their airways blocked for them to experience breathing problems. Anyone who has Parkinson’s abuses narcotics to a great extent or has had someone who has damaged their brain could develop CSA.
Symptoms of CSA include:
- An Accidental Stoppage of Breathing in the Night
- Feels Shortness of Breath When Smiling Is Ignored When Sitting-Up
- Sleepless Nights
- Difficulty with concentration
- Changes in Feeling
Complications of Complex Sleep Apnea were just found in 2006 and appear to be relatively new to sleep apnea.
A recent study concluded that CPAP therapy does not offer the complete solution for people who seem to have severe OSA. Research eventually revealed that neither OSA nor CSA was the real culprit, but a combination of both rather than just CSA or OSA. Researchers took these two conditions and dubbed them Complex Sleep Apnea. In medical research, complex sleep apnea is often abbreviated as CompTIA, so we’ll also refer to it by that term.
What Type of Sleep Apnea is Common?
Sleep apnea occurs whenever breathing stops for an extended period; it is termed apnea since breathing pauses that last 10 seconds or more. People with apnea repeatedly experience these episodes during sleep, causing them to partially wake up multiple times throughout the night as they struggle with breathing. The part of sleep interrupted during these partial arousals may occur several hundred times per night in someone with sleep apnea.
People with sleep apnea are usually quick to wake up and may not even realize that their sleep is interrupted. But many people with sleep apnea will experience episodes that interfere with their sleep cycle, preventing them from reaching deep, restful phases. Because of this, people with sleep apnea tend to feel tired and exhausted the next day, even if they get a whole night’s sleep.
A medical diagnosis and the correct medical treatment are necessary for properly managing sleep apnea and fitting the appropriate equipment. Suppose you think you need a CPAP machine, BiPAP machine, ASV machine, or any combination of them. A diagnosis and medical recommendations can be sought from a physician in that case.